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Down South News 

Volume VI 

JUNE • 1942 

Number 6 

Published in cooperation with 


To all interested in the Kentucky- 
Tennessee and Alabama Confer- 
ences : 

I am humbled by the new- 
responsibility of becoming super- 
intendent of the entire Southeast 
District, including the work of 
our churches in Alabama, Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, all of Florida, 
Georgia, and South Carolina. 
Pr. Fred P. Ensminger has served 
you long and faithfully. It has 
become necessary with the re- 
tirement of Dr. Ensminger to 
combine my work with his, thus 
giving me this wide territory. 
It shall be my hope to be able to 
serve you well. I shall need your 
prayers and your help, and I 
pledge to you the best I have for 
Christ and His cause. Together 
we can go forward in His name. 

I am happy that we are to 
have in the work as pastor-at- 
large, Rev. David W. Shepherd, 

now pastor of the United Church 
in LaGrange, Georgia. Mr. Shep- 
herd has served well in the 
churches of Georgia and Alabama 
and is well qualified for his new 
responsibilities. It is a source of 
strength and confidence to know 
that we are to have the continued 
leadership of Miss Marguerite 
Davison, Extension Worker for 
Young People and Women's 
Work, who will continue to have 
as her primary responsibilities 
this work in Alabama, Kentucky, 
Tennessee, and West Florida, and 
Miss Christine Skelton, who suc- 
ceeded Miss Pattie Lee Coghill 
in January, as Extension Worker 
in Florida and Georgia. 

Please feel that we are your 
servants, to be freely used by 
you. Call upon us whenever we 
can be of service. 

Wm. T. Scott 

Volume VI 

Number 6 

Issued monthly, except July and 
August, at Worcester, Mass., by the 
Kentucky and Tennessee Conference of 
Congregational Churches and the Ala- 
bama Congregational and Christian 
Conference in cooperation with The 
Missionary Herald at Home and Abroad. 

Entered as second-class matter, De- 
cember 23, 1937, at the post office at 
Worcester, Mass., under the Act of 
March 3, 1879. 

Publication office, 44 Portland Street, 

. Worcester, Mass. 

Editorial and Executive offices, 

1416 North 23rd Street 

Birmingham, Ala. 

Editorial Staff 

Rev. F. P. Ensminger 

Mrs. Anne B. Ensminger 

Subscription rate 25 cents per year, 

additional 5 cents for mailing cost 


We want to make this paper 
mean as much as possible to our 
churches, and we earnestly ask 
your cooperation in two ways: 
First, in sending news and sug- 
gestions for publication; second, 
by the increase and collection of 
subscriptions. You can see how 
impossible it will be for me to 
collect individual subscriptions 
either by mail or personal con- 
tacts. It would be far too ex- 
pensive. We shall have to depend 
upon churches and ministers to 
see that subscriptions are col- 
lected and sent to us. It cost us 
the full amount of the subscrip- 
tion of 30 cents per year to pub- 
lish and mail the papers to the 
subscribers, so that nothing is 
left for us to carry unpaid sub- 
scriptions. It will be necessary 
for us to carry only the subscrip- 
tions which are paid for in 
advance. You will understand 
this and will give us your hearty 

Again, I pledge you the best 
efforts I have that our great work 
may go forward for Christ and 
His Kingdom. 

Wm. T. Scott 


paid in advance will be paid to 
the new management. Subscrip- 
tions due may be paid to Mrs. 
F. P. Ensminger, Wadley, Ala- 


W. A. HARPER, A.M., 
M.A., LITT.D., LL.D. 

Our churches in the South lost 
one of its brainiest and most 
- winning, energetic, and effective 
leaders in the passing of Dr. 
William Allen Harper at the age 
of 62 at Black Mountain, N. C. 
He was on leave of absence from 
Vanderbilt University during his 
long illness. 

Dr. Harper was a Virginian. 
From his work as Latin teacher 
at Franklin Military Academy 
he went to the principalship of 
Kenley Academy, the Latin pro- 
fessorship at Elon College and 
finally the presidency of Elon. 
His 20 years of service at Elon 
brought the college into its larger 
life. He built the large and beau- 
tiful buildings which adorn the 

His final academic position 
was the professorship of Religious 
Education in the School of Reli- 
gion of Vanderbilt University. 
He helped to raise a half-million 
-dollar endowment for the School 
of Religion. 

Besides being a teacher and 
summer lecturer in leading uni- 
versities he was a prolific writer 
and author of standard texts in 
religious education, a favorite 
lecturer, an administrator, a mon- 
ey-raiser, and a leader in the 
organization of the church and 
a member of many of its 

This area is grateful for his 
part in the foundation in 1922 of 
The Southern Union College. 


We extend to Mrs. Harper, 
who was Miss Estelle Walker of 
Union Ridge, N. C, our sincere 
sympathy and we hope for an- 
other brilliant man to take the 
place of Dr. Harper in our coun- 


As we go to press on May 26, 
$2,900 in cash and Defense Bonds 
is in sight for the Endowment 
Fund of The Southern Union 
College of Wadley, Alabama. 
New subscribers are : Corbin, Ky. ; 
Pilgrim, Beecher Memorial, and 
Central Churches of New Or- 
leans; Mr. Edgar French of 
Chattanooga; Mrs. Horace D. 
Campbell of Des Moines, Iowa; 
the Southern Union Class of 1940 
through Mr. Robert Weems and 
Mr. Tom Nation of Demorest, 
Ga. ; and Mr. Wm. W. Ensminger 
of our Phenix.City Church and 

At the Alumni Banquet of the 
College on May 28, the cam- 
paign, which was projected as a 
20th birthday celebration effort 
on last Commencement, was 
launched with a fine start. We 
hope that it will gain $1,000 in 
the first month and will con- 
tinue to increase. This paper 
will be asked to give the total 
each month beginning with the 
next issue in September. F. P. 
Ensminger, chairman of the 
Endowment Committee, will have 
Wadley, Alabama, as his head- 
quarters and will give his time to 
the endowment cause. 

All desiring to benefit the 
Government in its need of loans 
and also the College may buy 
Defense Bonds or Defense Stamps 
and send the bonds or books of 
stamps when filled to Mr. John 
Robert Harris, treasurer of En- 
dowment Fund, or to Pres. Ross 
Ensminger, The Southern Union 
College, Wadley, Alabama. Gifts 
will encourage and aid worthy 
students and teachers, establish, 
strengthen and protect the college 
in times of difficulty, and will 
attract other endowments. A 
limited amount of money will do 
unlimited good at Southern Un- 
ion. We ask your prayers, faith, 
and participation. 


Rev. E. H. Rainey of Evarts is 
preaching a week later on helpful 
scripture passages suggested by 
his people at a Sunday service. 
The Evarts Community Church 
had a Spring Rally, and Mother's 
Day, Memorial Day, and Chil- 
dren's Day programs and the best 
attendance yet. 

At Pine Knot, Mr. George 
Atley Cordell was elected Sunday 
School superintendent and Mrs. 
George Atley Cordell was made 
chairman of the Woman's Work. 

At Corbin, Rev. Edna Judd of 
Union College gave March, April, 
and May preaching services to 
the church. 

James Dewey Russell, the Cor- 
bin Sunday School superintendent, 
has been called to the colors. Miss 
Edna Smith was presented with 


$5-00 from the Sunday School as 
a token of 20 years as an officer. 
The church and Sunday School 
gave a Defense Bond as an 
appreciation to Supt. Ensminger. 
It went to the college cause. 
On Friday the Corbin Daily 
Tribune prints a page of church 

An important event at Stearns 
was the Community Church wed- 
ding of its member Miss Ruth 
Anderson, to Mr. George Kellond 
of Louisville. Rev. Emmett Bra- 
selton was the officiating min- 
ister. The Stearns Church pre- 
sented Supt. Ensminger with a 
fine Sheaffer fountain pen. 

The Stearns Men's Club has 
heard interesting discussions on 
"Schools in the War Effort" by 
Supt. W. O. Gilreath and Profes- 
sors Hime and Cooper. 


Rev. Marshall Wingfield re- 
cently preached in the Virginia 
Church in which he was ordained 
in 1912. His brother, Rev. Rich- 
ard W. Wingfield, conducted the 
Worship service. Prof. Peter 
Cooper of LeMoyne College sup- 
plied his pulpit while he was in 
Virginia. His recent addresses 
were made to the Memphis Cross- 
cut Club, Philosophers' Club, and 
Ministerial Association. He par- 
ticipated in a panel discussion on 
post-war conditions, gave book 
reviews and spoke to the Negro 
Interdenominational Ministers' 

Evangelist Erskine is to con- 


duct meetings in the Robbins 
Range parish this summer. Rev. 
Orval Sampson may attend the 
summer school for ministers at 
Deering, N. H. 

The directors' meeting of the 
Atlanta Theological Seminary 
Foundation was held on May 19. 

Sherwood Community Church 
had services on May 17 led by 
Rev. Peter Doherty. He called 
on many of the homes, read the 
Bible and prayed where it was 
desirable, and even washed the 
church seats on Saturday after- 
noon. On Sunday morning he 
had Sunday School and a preach- 
ing service. He is a great physi- 
cian to churches. 

Rev. Peter Doherty made 80 
calls in April. He is preparing 
for the coming in June of Dr. 
James R. Clinton, whom he knew 
in Ireland. 

Chattanooga Union Church 
continues its good work in enter- 
taining service men. A soldier 
who had been a partner in a 
night club in New York said that 
he had not known that young 
people could enjoy themselves in 
church. A second picture of the 
Dohertys, their . young people, 
and the service men has appeared 
in a Chattanooga paper. Miss 
Gloria Shafer forwarded a mis- 
sionary contribution made by 
the young people. 

Rev. Abram Nightingale made 
60 calls in April. He has been 
asked to be a teacher and coun- 
sellor at Kamp Knighton. Mrs. 
S. C. Bishop of Crossville has 

sent in the "Woman's Gift" of 
the year from the ' Crossville 
Ladies' Missionary Society. 

We are delighted to hear of the 
distinct improvement in the 
health of Rev. E. E. White of 
Pleasant Hill. The Pleasant Hill 
Church had a fine covered dish 
dinner on April 15. The children 
of the church school are rewarded 
with buttons after three, seven 
and 12 continued attendances. 

Receipts for the Missionary 
Apportionment and the Confer- 
ence Dues have been sent to 
Mr. Rozelle Starring of Grand- 

Mrs. Jesse Gillis of R-i, Oak- 
dale, writes of the destruction of 
Rankin's Chapel by fire in Janu- 
ary. This church was organized 
by Rev. Mark N. Sumner. 





Rev. C. Car] Dollar as chair- 
man of the Publicity Committee 
has sent out notices to the Con- 
gregational Christian people of 
Alabama and Georgia announc- 
ing this first and most important 
areal conference. It is for all 
groups (young people, adults and 
ministers, and even children in 
the Bible School). Bible courses 
will be emphasized. Church 
methods will be studied. Mis- 
sionaries from China will speak. 
There will be preaching every 
night, and interest groups in the 

afternoon. Stewardship is to be 
stressed. Recreation is planned 
for all and there will be helpful 
work for those who choose work 
projects. The expense is $3-5° 
a week, $1.50 of which can be 
paid in provisions except vege- 
tables. The teachers and leaders 
are Rev. A. R. Van Cleave, dean ; 
Dr. Wm. T. Scott, supt. ; Rev. C. 
Carl Dollar, registrar; Rev. Mal- 
colm White, dean of men; Rev. 
Annie Campbell, dean of women; 
Miss Marguerite Davison and 
Miss Christine Skelton in charge 
of summer workers; Rev. David 
Shepherd, pastor-at-large ; Mr. 
and Mrs. Leonard J. Christian, 
missionary speakers; and the 
following: Rev. Jesse H. Dollar, 
Newport News, Va. ; Rev. S. M. 
Penn, Richland, Ga. ; Rev. Philip 
M. Widenhouse, Atlanta; Dr. 
Alfred W. Hurst, Chattanooga; 
Rev. J. D. Dollar, Langdale; 
Miss Lillian McKee, Thorsby; 
and Dean W. A. Redfield, 


Mr. Roy W. Alfred, Sunday 
School superintendent at Garden 
City, learned that he had some 
fine friends when he lost his house 
by fire, and they gave him Si 15 
in cash and some provisions. 
Brother Thrasher raised over 
half of the money. 

On Memorial Day at Liberty 
Grove, Town Creek, Rev. M. L. 
Thrasher preached the annual 
sermon, and after dinner raised 


$70 for the repairs of the church. 

Rev. Adna N. Moore, pastor of 
Birmingham Pilgrim Church in its 
early days passed away at Colo- 
rado Springs, Colo., after being a 
church leader there for 38 years. 

Dr. Harold Hutson is appre- 
ciated as supply pastor at Pilgrim 
Church and gave an excellent 
church night program on "effi- 
cient worrying." Mr. Ernest 
Henderson presided. 

The Birmingham Ensmingers 
moved to Wadley, late in May. 
Mrs. Ensminger will teach in the 
college beginning in September, 
and Dr. Ensminger is heading up 
the campaign for the $200,000 
endowment for the Southern Un- 
ion College. 

The Association meets at Lib- 
erty Hill Church, Houston, Aug- 
ust 26-28, Rev. M. M. Rowe 
being pastor host; Rev. R. F. 
Estes the moderator; and Rev. 
M. L. Thrasher the associate, 


Rev. J. B. Gonzales christened 
seven children in April. 

The Thorsby Church gave Rev. 
and Mrs. J. B. Gonzales a fare- 
well reception on May 11, re- 
gretfully parting company with 
them after their most successful 
and helpful pastorate. They left 
for Kansas the next day. 

Dr. Carl A. Poison took up the 
work in Thorsby on May 18. His 
college degree was from Campbell 
University, Holton, Kansas, and 
his doctor's degree from Indiana- 


polis, Ind. He is from Swedish 
Lutheran background in Kansas. 
He comes with strong recom- 
mendations from Chattanooga, 
where he is a member of our Con- 
ference and has been pastor of 
the Shinn Memorial Church. He 
began his ministry with the Dis- 
ciples of Christ. He delivered the 
Commencement Address at 
Thorsby Institute on May 24. 
Rev. Titus Aldridge of the Baptist 
Church preached the baccalaur- 
eate sermon. 

Miss Davison attended the 
Home-coming at Mt. Creek 
Union Church on May 11. 

Electic Watson's Chapel 
Church has done a good job in 
repainting its house of worship. 
■ Rev. and Mrs. Gerald Smith 
send greetings from the Delta 
Parish, at Rapid River, Mich. 
He was elected a delegate to the 
General Council. 

Lt. Andrew J. Higgins of 
Camp Crowder, Missouri, visited 
his home in Thorsby. He has 
important responsibilities in a 
special army training school. 

Greetings to little Philip Daniel 
Gletty, who has recently arrived 
to bring happiness to his parents. 

Liberty, Mt. Olive and other 
churches have a great problem 
when some of their people are 
called on to work seven days in 
the mill. 


Edward Knight has become 
pastor of Cragford Mt. Carmel 
Church and Dr. Fred. P. Ens- 

minger of Alexander City An- 
tioch Church. 

Mr. Vernon E. Kitchens is now 
chairman of the East Alabama 
fifth Sunday meeting. The May 
31st meeting was held at Dingler's 

Brother Kitchens and Rev. 
Olin E. Sheppard attended the 
Southern Convention at Rich- 
mond. The Convention acknowl- 
edged its indebtedness to the 
East Association which has fur- 
nished it many pastors. 

Dr. Wm. T. Scott asked that 
the Southern Convention appoint 
a committee on fellowship with 
the East Association so that the 
old ties might not be lost. 

Work on Roanoke Fairview 
Church is progressing. 

The baccalaureate sermon at 
Southern Union was preached by 
Rev. S. Lawrence Johnson of 
Chicago and the Commencement 
Address was by Supt. Wm. T. 
Scott of Jacksonville, Fla. 

The annual meeting of the 
Association is at Mt. Olive 
Church, R-i, Tallassee. Modera- 
tor R. F. Field, Associate Modera- 
tor R. A. McKay, and pastor-host 
M. L. Thrasher will be among the 


Andalusia New Home Church 
was dedicated on May 18. Good 
delegations were present from 
Cold Water, Indian Creek, and 
Antioch churches. A song service 
was held after the sumptuous 
dinner in the grove. 

Rev. A. C. Nelson gave his 
services on May 31 to New Home 

Rev. Dumont Clarke sent two 
Methodist missionaries, Miss Ma- 
bel Sheldon of Kansas and Miss 
Marian Warren of Iowa, to the 
Andalusia Parish to see the 
Lord's Acre work being carried 
on there. They were entertained 
by Rev. and Mrs. A. C. Nelson 
for two days and taken to a 
number of homes. They were 
much interested in the work and 
pleased with the leadership of 
Brother Nelson. 

The Bells of Liberty Church 
had a large family dinner on 
April 26. 

Our prayers are offered for the 
recovery of Mr. J. D. Teal of the 
Clio Church. 

Secretary Newman of the Build- 
ing Society was pleased with the 
pictures of Headland Blackwoods 

Rev. Chandler Adams received 
18 members in the Pittsfield, New 
Hampshire, Congregational 
Church on Easter Sunday. 

The Association is held at 
Indian Creek Church, R-3, Brant- 
ley, July 23-25. Rev. A. C. 
Nelson is both moderator and 

The Evangelist John W. Er- 
skine is to conduct the revival at 

A number of our young men 
including Max Tipton, Grady 
Thrasher, Grady Adams, Wesley 
Adams, Robert Adams, and Wm. 
Ensminger are working at Mobile. 


Digging and Learning at 
Pleasant Hill 

By Victor Obenhaus, Principal of Pleasant Hill Academy 
(Reprinted by permission of "Progressive Education") 

For twenty years the children 
of the elementary school at 
Pleasant Hill Academy have 
trudged to the classroom building 
of the high school because there 
the nearest washrooms are lo- 
cated. This building is known 
as Hopkins Hall. 

Last year as spring came, the 
senior science class was meeting 
after lunch to plan the next 
phases of their class program. 
From their window they could 
see little children en route to 
and from the recitation building. 
Someone in the group asked why, 
in all the years of the school's 
existence, washrooms had never 
been built in the elementary 
school. There were several rea- 
sons: resources had not been 
available in a school where funds 
have always been scarce (the 
county assumes no obligation for 
the upkeep of the school, though 
it does aid in providing teachers' 
salaries) ; the buildings had been 
constructed so long ago that the 
inclusion of arrangements for 
modern plumbing would necessi- 
tate considerable extra work. 
"How much would it cost to put 
modern equipment in that build- 
ing?" No one dared estimate for 
there was no past experience on 
which to base the cost. "How 
long would it require?" The same 


answer applied. Then a student 
asked whether the school could 
stand the expense if the students 
did all of the work. In our school 
all of the work is done by students 
anyhow, so this was no sensa- 
tional suggestion. It was fol- 
lowed by the logical questions of 
"What kind of arrangements 
would we need?" "Where would 
we find time to do it?" "What 
can we girls do about it? This 
sort of thing is all right for the 

The teacher at this point asked 
what were the steps necessary to 
construct a set of admittedly 
greatly needed washrooms in this 
old building. The suggestions 
came: Some plans for the dimen- 
sions and placement of the rooms. 
. . . Deciding on the material 
needed. . . . Ascertaining the cost 
of equipment. . . . Scheduling the 
work to finish within the school 
year. ... A study of plumbing 
principles. . . . 

The inevitable question was 
next: "What has this to do with 
Senior Science?" Our school is a 
rural school and the students, 
for the most part, come from 
rural backgrounds. The problem 
of modern plumbing, however, 
affects all of them both because 
of the plumbing in the school 
and because increasingly the 





•The Academy"— built in 1886: improved with modern plumbint in 1941 

homes which are being constructed 
in the region will have plumbing 
provisions. The greatly increased 
use of electricity permits in- 
expensive pumps and pressure 
tanks. At some length the stu- 
dents considered whether there 
was in such an enterprise the like- 
lihood of sufficient learning to 
warrant shifting from the text- 
book material. There were hon- 
est misgivings. On the other 
hand, there was enthusiasm not 
wholly related to the learning 
prospects involved. The inevita- 
ble Green Pastures of freedom 
from required work lured some. 
On the whole the interest was 
genuine and the need sufficiently 
real to give the affair a sense of 

Then followed the organization. 
An "Architects Committee" be- 

gan to work on plans. The 
ground hadn't been excavated 
when the original building was 
constructed in 1886. There were 
no blue prints and even when 
steam had been installed, there 
were no clues to show where 
lines went. Likewise, a wash- 
room presents problems of priv- 
acy and the necessity for the 
placing of doors in such a way as 
to insure this desired privacy. 
There is also the problem of 
drainage. Sandrock exists a foot 
below the ground surface, so 
there was not only the matter of 
the drain pipes but the surface 
water which would collect from 
the stairs. The ' ' Architects Com- 
mittee" was commissioned to go 
to work while other groups en- 
gaged in activities necessary for 
later action. 


An excavating group was im- 
mediately necessary. Should only 
the boys swing' the picks and 
shovels or could the girls take 
some part in this? The girls were 
indignant at the suggestion that 
their participation be of a less 
active nature. The start of the 
co-educational venture in ex- 
cavating was not without abun- 
dant sarcasm. It would be un- 
truthful to say that the scoffers 
remained to pray but at least the 
rate at which buckets of sand and 
rock were passed out of the win- 
dows kept masculine muscles more 
active than mouths. When the 
architects presented their results, 
it became apparent that the 
excavators would have to spend 
many more vigorous hours, caus- 
ing no little friction between these 
branches of the service. That was 
bad enough but when the foun- 
dations caved in only a miracle 
kept injury from being added to 

By common agreement the 
partitions would be constructed 
of concrete blocks. We possessed 
a small hand block-making form 
but no one had ever made a block 
before. It is one thing to tamp 
the mixture in the form but quite 
another to get it out without 
cracking. There are some mem- 
bers of the class of '41 who will 
never look at a concrete block 
building without profound ad- 

Lest one think that the whole 
enterprise total up to a mass of 
manual labor alone, it should be 

said here that the properties and 
manufacture of cement were made 
a basis for study, as was the 
geology of this region. The 
difficult pick and shovel work 
through hard rock had been 
unknown to the members of this 
class before, even though most of 
them lived over this substance all 
of their lives. 

One problem of basic import- 
ance was the acquiring of a septic 
tank. It could be constructed or 
purchased. After much delibera- 
tion it was decided to purchase a 
metal tank in view of the saving 
in time and the fact that they 
were comparatively inexpensive. 
The functioning of a septic tank 
then became an object of major 
attention. The wisdom acquired 
in this study was translated to 
other members of the student 
body by Septic Tank Missionaries 
Classes. The sanitation problem 
is obviously a very real one and 
this included the drain field. In- 
suring the protection of the other 
residents in this student com- 
munity is a solemn obligation. 
The drain field was studied with 
a view to meeting all standards 
set by the state department of 
sanitation, and the county sani- 
tation officer found it good. He 
favored making it somewhat larg- 
er. References to sanitation needs 
were noticeably lacking in the 
counter arguments. 

' ' What kind of tile shall we use ? 
Why cast iron pipe in some 
places, glazed tile in others and 
agricultural tile in still other 


locations?" About a hundred 
miles away there is a rich deposit 
of clay, which accounts for a 
considerable collection of clay 
products companies here. One 
of the larger of these companies 
invited the class to spend a day 
at their plant studying the prop- 
erties of the various kinds of tile 
and the way they are prepared 
for use. It is doubtful whether 
any day during the whole study 
was more rewarding than this 

" I never noticed the stack pipe 
before," and neither have most of 
us unless we are interested in 
buildings and their construction. 
Along with the consideration of 
this indispensable part of the 
plumbing went that of the opera- 
tion of valves, water pressure 
and the relative merits of the 
water closet versus the "pressure 
type." The invaluable resource 
here was the young man who 
supervises all construction and 
repair work on our campus. 
There was unanimous agreement 
that these sessions with the 
Superintendent of the Buildings 
were the most profitable of all. 
Few had ever considered what 
was involved in the operation of a 
faucet or flush bowl. The boys 
on the repair force had been 
summoned to meet emergencies 
but their colleagues had not been 
inducted into the mysteries of a 
worn washer or a corroded pipe, 
or even a "hung trap." Next, 
the fixtures. Shall we have 
vitreous china or enamel on 

metal ? The pictures inspire devo- 
tion to the cause of vitreous china 
but the budget suggests enamel. 
Catalogues had been secured and 
they were well worn after the 
search. A girl whose life ambi- 
tion has been to enter nursing 
was chairman of the important 
purchasing committee and when 
she signed the order her associates 
had done a thorough job. 

In the meantime, the construc- 
tion group, whose membership 
changed constantly to provide as 
much experience as possible, had 
erected the walls and laid the 
floors, leaving the necessary open- 
ings for the fixtures. The setting 
of the fixtures, the handling of the 
oakum and the melted lead, se- 
curing the proper levels for the 
pipe to insure drainage and the 
pouring of the floor were occa- 
sions which will last in memory. 
Most of this activity was as new 
to the teacher as to the students 
and again everyone acknowledged 
that the most important factor 
in the entire affair was the Super- 
intendent of the Buildings. A 
gift for clear explanations and a 
genius for working with other 
people made him the chief source 
of new learning. 

At the end of the project there 
was an examination but everyone 
recognized that some of the great- 
est learnings could not be meas- 
ured by paper and pencil. The 
gains in work habits, in social 
attitudes, in social adjustments 
were as clear, however, as the 
gains in factual knowledge. 



Rev. W. H. Tillman reports 
good services at Bonifay, New 
Effort Church which has sent in 
apportionment money. 

The annual home-coming at 
Dorcas Church, R-i, Crestview, 
took place on April 18. Dorcas 
had a big Memorial Sing on May 

The Association meets with the 
Baker Good Hope Church, Sep- 
tember 25-27. Rev. M. D. 
Morgan is pastor-host. Modera- 
tor E. C. Patridge expects to 
attend the General Council in 
Durham, New Hampshire. He is 
the director in the War Fund 


With Dr. Ensminger's retire- 
ment as Editor of the Down 
South News, effective with Sep- 
tember, the Florida-Georgia Con- 
gregational Christian will be 
merged with the Down South 
News, the joint publication tak- 
ing the name. 

Heavenly Father, let us not be 
content with anything less than 
utter surrender to thee. May we 
turn aside from our comfortable 
ways and take up our cross — our 
share of that which remains of 
the sufferings of Christ — and, 
following Him, bear clearer and 
braver witness to the only Savior 
of the world. 



Tennessee and Kentucky 

From June 14-20, there will be 
a training school for leaders in 
Tennessee and Kentucky at Pleas- 
ant Hill Academy. This year 
the tire and gas shortage has 
forced us to narrow our area 
served by conferences and to 
have more small conferences in 
local situations. Pleasant Hill 
won't serve the Alabama people 
this year. However, it will have 
a special course for the Junior 
High School groups in Tennessee 
and Kentucky. Also special em- 
phasis will be placed on courses 
for the laymen and Iaywomen of 
our churches. The churches must 
redouble their efforts to keep a 
strong program going in these 
troubled days, so every person 
must get under the load of respon- 
sibility. Pleasant Hill will help 
our leaders to carry their loads. 
Some of the leaders at the. 
conference will be: Dr. and Mrs. 
Victor Obenhaus, Rev. Abram 
Nightingale, Mr. and Mrs. Orval 
Sampson, Chaplain D. R. Brown- 
ell, Missionary Philip Dutton of 
China, Rev. and Mrs. E. H. 
Rainey, Dr. A. W. Hurst, Rev. 
Emmett Braselton, Rev. J. W. 
Davenport, and Rev. A. L. De- 
Jarnette. From neighboring 
states will come Mrs. F. P. 
Ensminger, Rev. M. V. White, 
Miss Alice Scheetz, and Rev. 
D. W. Shepherd, our new pastor- 

Courses in Bible, methods for 
the Sunday School and Young 
People, Woman's Work, the pro- 
gram of the church, missions, 
recreation, music, handcraft, will 
be offered. They will be pre- 
sented in different ways for the 
different groups, so that every 
age will find an interesting and 
helpful program. 

Dr. Victor Obenhaus will take 
charge of the "Eye Opener" as 
he did last year. Rev. Emmett 
Braselton will be our leader of 
vespers, and our night program 
committee will be headed by Rev. 
Malcolm White whose versatility- 
is well known. 

Because of tire shortage we 
shall have the conference from 
Sunday night until the following 
Saturday morning, so pastors 
won't have to return to serve their 
churches in the middle of the con- 
ference. We have not increased 
prices, for the shorter period 
should enable us to meet expenses. 


of Down South News make their 
exit with this issue, Number 6 of 
Volume VI. We have enjoyed 
the paper and the fellowship back 
of it. We are glad that it is 
retaining its name while combin- 
ing with The Florida-Georgia 
Congregational Christian, also that 
Miss Marguerite Davison will be 
a continuous contributor with her 
news of the young people. May 
the paper go forward in fellowship 
and service. 



Thorsby Christian Life Con- 
ference was held April 24-26, 
and enjoyed wonderful weather. 
The theme, "Bridges to the 
Future," was well carried out all 
through the conference in pro- 
gram and in decorations. Out- 
standing speakers at the confer- 
ence were Dr. Hallie Farmer of 
Montevallo College for Women, 
Miss Marion Brown and Mrs. 
W. A. Redfield of Southern 
Union College, Dr. F. P. Ens- 
minger and Rev. Earl Hotalen of 
Birmingham, Rev. M. V. White 
and Mrs. W 7 hite of North Geor- 
gia, Rev. Oscar Davis of Clan ton, 
and Rev. Titus Aldridge and 
Rev. J. B. Gonzales of Thorsby. 
Good delegations came from 
Piedmont College at Demorest, 
Georgia; from Southern Union 
College, Wadley, Alabama; from 
Birmingham ; from Archer's Chap- 
el, East View and Wordsworth 
churches. Many past students at 
Thorsby Institute came back to 
enjoy the conference fellowship. 
The conference committee for 
this year did excellent work 
planning for the conference and 
selecting committees. The new 
officers elected for next year are: 
president, Orin Marcus; vice- 
president, Pattie Campbell; sec- 
retary, Charlene Williams; treas- 
urer, Leslie Duke. 

>[ 4 2 


"Right forever on the scaffold, 
Wrong forever on the throne. 
Yet that scaffold rules the future 
And behind the dim unknown 
Standeth God within the shadow 
Keeping watch above His own. " 


(By Rev. Annie R. Campbell, 
Thorsby, Ala.) 
Theme : In Times Like These. 

Devotional: At the superintend- 
ents' meetings in different 
sections of the country re- 
cently, they with all of their 
constituents agreed that the 
needs of the church today 
were to REPENT, BE- 
Repent. The prophets were 
continually warning their 
people to repent and telling 
them what the results would 
be if they did not. 

Amos was the prophet of 
"impartial justice. " At first 
he told the people of the 
punishment ahead for the 
Edomites, the Ammonites 
and the Moabites and the 
people said "Amen." Then 
when he promised punish- 
ment to Israel also they were 
angry and wanted him to 

Scripture: Amos 1:1, 
7:12-15; Amos 2:6; Amos 
5:10-15; Amos 5:21-24. 


So we must repent for our 
sins of co-mission and our 
sins of omission as individ- 
uals and as a nation. 
Believe. That God is with us 
working in the world today. 
Have faith. 

Scripture: Romans 8:28. 
Let us believe and try to 
learn through this present 
crisis what God would have 
us learn. (This may be en- 
larged upon.) 
Go Forward. 

Scripture: Matthew 

We cannot, as followers of 
the Prince of Peace, desire 
to stir up hatred for our 
enemies or say that we be- 
lieve God will bless our kill- 

Neither can we skip over 
the war period and look only 
to the peace that is to follow 
and try to see that it is a 
just and durable peace which 
will not breed another war. 
We have to live and act 
NOW and not hibernate un- 
til the war is over. We must 
go forward with God now 
if we are to have anything to 
say about the peace which 
is to follow. We need to see 
that our democratic prin- 
ciples are actually practiced 
in our own communities, by 
being a friend at all times 
even to that neighbor who 
may have made some bitt 
remarks about us. 

Sentence Prayers: — 


i. What are some of the things 
which you and I can do in 
our own communities to see 
that democracy is practiced, 
that even the humblest Negro 
may have justice and a 
square deal? 
2. How may we have a rebirth 
of the Christian spirit in 
our own families? 

Hymns: "Trust and Obey," 
"Only Trust Him," "My 
Faith Looks Up to Thee. " 

Information: Read Part I of 
the article "What Shall the 
Christian Do?" in the May 6 
issue of the Christian Century. 

Business : 

i. Is there a U.S.O. near you? 
If so, perhaps you can plan 
to help the soldiers, as our 
Phenix City young people 
and women's group are 
doing, by helping with re- 
freshments and planning a 
worship service for them. 
Or maybe you can invite 
them to your church for a 
.picnic as the Columbus 
Church does and have an 
evening of clean fun ? 

Or how about inviting 
them into your homes for 
food and fellowship? You 
would want someone to do 
that for your boy, wouldn't 
2. Some of the boys from your 
church are in the service. 
Could you not write to them 
or if they are near enough 

send them some of the things 
which the government sug- 
gests they may receive? 

3. Through our "Woman's 
Gift" of money we can help 
those in areas of famine and 
the refugees who have been 
uprooted from their homes. 

4. Are you planning any Red 
Cross work? 

5. Other business. 

Social: Why not make up a 
true-false test about your 
own community? 

Closing Prayer: Father, forgive 
us for the things which we 
have done that we ought not 
to have done, and. for the 
things which we have left 
undone. Show us what we 
may do now to work for 
Thy Kingdom and yet have 
Thy peaceful spirit within us, 
as Jesus was at peace in the 
midst of the storm on the 
Sea of Galilee. Amen. 


Mrs. E. T. Krueger, president 
of the Congregational Christian 
Woman's Fellowship of Tennessee 
is emphasizing the Devotional 
period in women's societies. She 
writes: " Periods, of worship may 
become moments of rest and re- 
laxation, of communion and con- 
secration. Long after one forgets 
the words spoken, he will remem- 
ber the spirit of oneness with his 
fellowmen and uplift toward the 
heart of God. " 

' Besides the Woman's Gift from 
Crossville, Mrs. Krueger, presi- 


dent of the Tennessee Woman's 
Fellowship, sent, through Mrs. 
Wingfield, treasurer, $40.42, as a 
Woman's Gift from the auxiliaries 
in Chattanooga, both Pilgrim 
and Union, in Daisy, Memphis, 
Nashville, Robbins, and Soddy. 


Miss Minnie Lee Fine, presi- 
dent of the Woman's Work in 
Alabama, writes: "The thing I 
have in mind is to stress the 
'Woman's Gift' in every church 
this year — as much as I can by 
June — and then something special 
in 'Friendly Service' work. I 
want to get the people anxious 
to give; just a little from each 
society will help them to begin 
to feel that they are a part of 
the national program — respon- 
sible for their part. " 

At the Mt. Grove "Decoration 
andHome-comingProgram " 
there was a play given, "The 
Great American Home." 

Miss Fine spoke at the Wom- 
an's Rally in Thorsby on "Wom- 
an's Work — Its Place and Value. " 
Of especial note is the fact that 
the Archer's Chapel Society, 
youngest in the Central District, 
was represented at the rally 100 
per cent; they gave good report 
of their stewardship. As Mrs. 
Luther Ballou's farewell message, 
she laid emphasis on the respon- 
sibility of the Mary and Martha 
personalities. The Thorsby 
Church presented a play, "A 
Hospital Scene in China." A 
collection was taken to start a 

fund for Miss Fine's expenses as 
president. As Mrs. Moseley in- 
sisted that she must resign, Mrs. 
J. H. Goddard, Thorsby, was 
elected president, and Mrs. C. M. 
Williams, Thorsby — secretary. 
The meeting next March will be 
held at Seman — the last Satur- 
day of the month. 

Miss Annie Campbell reports 
of Mt. Carmel Society in East 
Alabama that the County Agent 
asked what they had been doing, 
as from records in the office they 
were reported to have the second 
best society in the county. 

Miss Campbell recently visited 
the Phenix City Society United 
Church, leading the devotions 
in one meeting and speaking on 
migrant work in another. 

The Thorsby Ladies' Aid de- 
lighted to devote the whole 
program of one of its meetings 
to honoring Mrs. Marie Petersen, 
treasurer for 25 years. Besides 
other individual gifts, Mrs. Peter- 
sen received an electric percolator. 

Birmingham welcomes Miss 
Shirley Hassler, formerly of Cross- 
ville Cumberland Homesteads. 

Miss Fine reports an excellent 
meeting at the North Association 
Rally at Arley, Robinson's 
Chapel. Mrs. Clara Davis Bridg- 
man was the principal speaker 
and she gave much inspiration 
out of her Japanese missionary 
background and real African ex- 
perience and achievement. Miss 
Elenore McGlawn was elected 
president of Woman's Work in 
the Association. 



South Central Alabama 

The young people of different 
communities met once more for 
their Annual Easter Conference, 
April 4-5, at Coldwater Church. 
Everyone was present: Commu- 
nity Church, Indian Creek, An- 
tioch, New Home, Liberty, and 

The Conference theme was: 
"The Cross and the Dawn." 

The reports from the societies 
were better than usual and they 
are hoping to make the year 1942 
still better. Community reported 
a new and lively society which has 
done a great deal of work for the 
new church and grounds. Indian 
Creek has an active group which 
has helped with the improve- 
ments on the church. 

Coldwater young people led a 
devotional service before two 
interesting talks: "Cooperation 
between Young People and 
Adults," by Miss Minnie Lee 
Fine, and "Cooperation between 
Young People," by Miss Ouida 

After a good dinner at the 
church, Community Church 
Young People led a most digni- 
fied and helpful worship service. 
There were two talks on " Crosses 
to be Borne Today": "The War 
and Its Causes," by Miss Lillian 
McKee, and " National Defense," 
by Professor Mooney. Everyone 
thoroughly enjoyed the talks 
and discussions. 

At recreation period stunts 
were given by each delegation, 
then soft ball, volley ball and 
the Easter egg hunt were en- 
joyed by everyone. Vesper serv- 
ice was conducted by Indian 
Creek in a lovely pine grove, and 
the picnic supper followed. 

Saturday night the session was 
opened by congregational sing- 
ing, followed by a play by Cold- 
water young people, "Madame, a 
Dime Please!" 

Easter Sunrise service was con- 
ducted impressively by Antioch 
young people. Breakfast out-of- 
doors followed. Everyone who 
could went to sing Easter songs 
to the sick and shut-in of the 
community. The last stop was 
at the home of an aged colored 
woman, who has not much longer 
to live. 

Sunday School devotional serv- 
ice was conducted by New Home 
young people and Sunday School 
classes were taught by Mr. 
Mooney, Miss Fine, Miss McKee, 
and Miss Wright. A talk was 
given by Miss Jones of the Wel- 
fare Board on "The War and 
its Effect Upon the Community." 
Dr. F. P. Ensminger preached 
the sermon. 

After a bountiful dinner, the 
session opened with each delega- 
tion singing two songs. At the 
business meeting resolutions of 
appreciation were read. 

The Goals Committee planned 
the goals for the coming year 
as follows: 1. Plan of beautifica- 
tion for each church. 2. Two 


representatives from each society 
to Sealacon and to Wadley 
Training School. 3. Find out 
about and support Foreign and 
Home Mission projects. 4. Pro- 
mote and work on Lord's Acre 
Plan. 5. Program Committee 
improving the meetings of the 
society and planning a week in 
advance. 6. Cooperation with 
other societies in the community. 
7. Get all young people in com- 
munity into some church. 8. Im- 
prove religious life of societies 
and our own personal lives. 

At the election of officers 
Willie Ceal Thomason was made 
president; Euna V. Worley, vice- 
president; Julia Bell Williams, 
secretary. New Home invited 
the conference to meet with it 
in 1943. 

The final consecration service 
was led by Rev. A. C. Nelson, 
and this was followed by the 
communion service led by Mr. 
Nelson and Dr. Ensminger. 
Reported by Mildred Worley, 


In the midst of terrible war 
it is interesting to learn that 
missionaries in occupied China, 
though temporarily confined to 
the compounds or accompanied 
by guards when outside the com- 
pounds, were later given freedom 
to go about in their work in 
their communities. The Jap- 
anese gendarmes were told by the 
Emperor of Japan to treat the 
missionaries with courtesy, it 
was said. 





April 11-12 the Tennessee 
young people met at Soddy for 
a very enjoyable week-end. 

Each of the following churches 
gave a report on their goals: 
Stearns, Robbins, Daisy, Pleas- 
ant Hill, Soddy, East Lake, and 
Pilgrim. Some interesting items 
reported were: Pleasant Hill's 
Pioneer Church with its youth 
cabinet to plan the program; 
Soddy's hard work redecorating 
the inside of the church; the 
union young people's society of 
Soddy and East Lake with its 
fine service to enlisted men on. 
Sunday nights; Pilgrim Church's 
University of Life lasting for 
eight weeks, and consisting of 
supper at the church, entertain- 
ment, devotions, and discussions. 

The conference was divided 
into three discussion groups. 

1. 1st Group: "What rules are 
we going by tomorrow?" 

2. 2nd Group: "Can we keep 
our freedoms?" 

3. 3rd Group: "Missionaries — 
Shall we send them back?" 

1. Reasons why we should, 
given by returned missionaries. 

2. What does it take to be a 

Miss Ercelle Hunter made a 
chalk talk on the cross in keeping 
with the devotional service of 
the Soddy group. 

In spite of cold weather the 
conference took a sight-seeing 


trip around Soddy Lake and had 
supper on the lake shore. Pleas- 
ant Hill was lost on the trip, and 
welcomed with relief when it 
returned later. 

Mrs. Clara Bridgeman, re- 
turned missionary from Africa, 
gave a very interesting talk on 
the ways and customs of the 
Africans and the mission work 
for them. The night session 
closed with games led by Pleasant 


Sunday School devotions were 
fed by Mr. Sampson and mem- 
bers of the faculty, and the 
church service was beautifully 
conducted by Stearns young peo- 
ple. Rev. Mrs. Ruth Sergeant 
Larmee brought the morning 

After a fine fellowship dinner 
at the church with Pleasant Hill 
and Crossville in charge of fun, 
we had a Quiz program under 
Dr. Ensminger's direction. At 
the closing business session, com- 
mittee reports were given, the 
award was given to Stearns, who 
invited the conference to meet 
there next fall. 

The consecration service was 
conducted by Daisy young people. 
Rev. James Davenport gave an 
effective and appreciative intro- 
duction to Dr. Ensminger who 
brought us the closing thought 

for our conference. The meeting 
closed with a fellowship circle. 


If the extreme modesty and 
selflessness of the retiring editors 
of Down South News will permit 
it to pass, I should like to express 
a word of appreciation and lasting 
affection on behalf of the women 
of the Kentucky-Tennessee Con- 

Mr. Ensminger has been to us 
a striking example of tireless, 
patient, ever-enduring devotion 
to his work and to his people. 
Mrs. Ensminger has not only 
been a true helpmate, but has 
stood out as a brilliant, though 
modest personality on her own. 

It is a deep satisfaction to us 
that these dear friends and lead- 
ers will remain in our region in 
their new work. Our affectionate 
good wishes go with them wher- 
ever they are, whatever they do, 
and a hope that our paths may 
continue to cross. 

Mrs. E. T. Krueger 


Chinese refugee students and 
teachers, many of whom live in 
mud huts and sleep on bare 
boards, have sent a gift of S960 
in Chinese currency for relief to 
London bombing victims.